Energy and Forest Menü Deutsch

Projects

The following documented reference projects offer an overview of the field of activity of ENFOS® e.U. in the key subjects energy engineering, energy economics and energy politics. An abstract describes respectively target, method and results and further materials make it possible to go in depth. If you are further interested in the project content or in a cooperation please contact us via the contact form of this website.

2020: Innovative energy technologies in Austria – Market development 2019

2018: Renewable Energy in figures 2018

2018: Development of an Austrian/Hungarian course leading to a certification as an energy engineer

2018: Renewable Energy 2018 - Economic and climate relevant figures and aspects of Austria and of the European Union

2018: Development of a sustainable heating and cooling system for the Smart Anergy Quarter Baden (SANBA)

2018: Implementation of a circular economy for photovoltaic

2017: Decentralised geothermal low-temperature-heat grid in urban areas

2016: Austrian technology-Roadmap for heat pumps

2015: Empirical life cycle analysis of solar thermal and photovoltaic systems

2013: Solar micro heat grid with seasonal geothermic thermal storage

2012: Potentials for growth and export of renewable energy systems (WEXRES)

2011: Regional potentials of renewable energy in Austria (REGIO Energy)

2010: Heating 2050

2010: Future of the use of nuclear energy

2009: Potential of Solar Thermal in Europe

2009: Preparation of a biogas fuel cells demonstration plan (BIOVISION II)

2007: Energy centres on the basis of stationary fuel cells (BIOVISION I)

2005: Development of a solar radiation operated Stirling machine

2004: Measures for the minimization of rebound effects for renovation (MARESI)

2001: Renewable energy sources and energy consumption behaviour

2001: Favourable and limiting factors at the market introduction of innovative residential buildings

2001: User behaviour in innovative residential and office buildings

1998: Influencing parameters on the energy consumption of households


2020: Innovative energy technologies in Austria – Market development 2019

The continuing monitoring and analysis of the market development of technologies for the use of renewable energy is an important basis for energy political decisions and for strategical course setting in the corresponding branches of trade and industry. In the annual publication the market development of biomass fuels, biomass boilers and heating stoves, photovoltaics, solar thermics, heat pumps and wind power is empirically collected, documented, analysed and interpreted. The essential influencing factors on the market development are illustrated and discussed and a comparision of the measured market development with the official national technology roadmaps is made. Diviations of the national development plans are illustrated and effective as well as efficient control mechanisms are discussed. The market report is published annually in the publication series of the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology "Reports of energy and environmental research" and it is available in printed and electronic version.

Downloads:

Final report (de)
Presentation (de)
Policy brief

Overview


2018: Renewable Energy in figures 2018 – Development in Austria, data basis 2017

The description as a whole of the condition of the Austrian energy supply with focus on renewable energy is an essential basis for strategic considerations and for the argumentation of measures. In the annually published brochure the relevant data of the national energy statistics is brought together to a holistic picture and is presented and interpreted in a very compact form. The development of nine different technology lines for the use of renewable energy is illustrated in the form of consistent time series and influencing factors on the temporal development are discussed. Apart from the illustration of the sectoral energy balance, the importance of the renewables for the national greenhouse gas footprint and the economic significance of the corresponding technology lines are presented. The brochure "Renewable energy in figures" as well as the corresponding folder in German and in English are published annually by The Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism and are available in printed and electronic version.

Downloads:

Brochure (de)

Overview


2018: Development of an Austrian/Hungarian course leading to a certification as an energy engineer

In the Interreg-project REBE II a cross-border education leading to a certification as an engineer for sustainable energy systems was developed. The development team under the Hungarian direction consists of the Pannonian University in Veszprém, the centre for studies and technology transfer in Weiz, the College of Building in Györ and the HTBLuVA Wiener Neustadt, as well as the energy platform Niederösterreich Süd/Schneebergland. The course focuses on innovative energy systems and makes a link possible between the available competences and markets in Austria and in Hungary. The education can be credited for graduate studies of electrical engineering - energy engineering for DI (FH). The course is designed extra-occupational and is in the first round rather cost effective for students through the Interreg subsidies.

Target groups: The course addresses technicians with professional practice, persons with relevant experience over several years, graduates of a technical college, persons with Matura, graduates of the HTL and graduates of studies.

For further information regarding the content, the procedure and the application please contact:
Dr. Peter Biermayr, Contact form, 0680-5076744 oder
DI Gerald Stickler, gerald.stickler@bandi-energy.com, 0676-5134568

Downloads:

Information folder
Application form

Overview


2018: Renewable Energy 2018 - Economic and climate relevant figures and aspects of Austria and of the European Union

The energy and climate policy of the European Union aims at the limitation of the global warming to 2 degrees Celsius compared to the pre-industrial level and it aims at the transformation of the European economies in sustainable economic systems. Based on the first climate and energy package for 2020, the frame for a long-term EU climate and energy policy up to 2030 was decided by the Heads of State and Government of the EU member states in 2014. This agreement contains a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% compared to the level of 1990, an increase of the share of renewable energy sources to at least 27%, and an increase of energy efficiency by at least 27%. The long-term plans of the EU by 2050 aim at an extensive decarbonization of the European economy whereby a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by 80% compared to the level of 1990 is planned. In order to reach this ambitious goal all sectors within the frame of their technical and economic potential have to make significant contributions. The present brochure presents selected indicators which make the progress on the path into a sustainable future quantifiable. Its aim is to show structural developments of the use and production of energy in the EU. The documented figures thereby refer to the latest available figures of 2016. Section diagrams show the structural variety of the EU member states, and the time series diagrams for chosen countries make the evaluation of essential trends possible.

Downloads:

Brochure (en)

Übersicht


2018: Development of a sustainable heating and cooling system for the Smart Anergy Quarter Baden (SANBA)

The former military camp “Martinek-Kaserne” south of Baden, close to Vienna has not been used by the Austrian Armed Forces since 2014. On the about 42 ha area there are buildings protected by cultural heritage from the 1930s, some newer buildings as well as big open space. In the SANBA project three buildings scenarios were defined. The three scenarios reach from a mere use of the buildings protected by cultural heritage (scenario MINI), to additional moderate new buildings (scenario MIDI), up to an increased concentration afterwards with mixed use (scenario MAXI). The research focuses on the development of a sustainable heat and cooling supply system for the quarters in the three scenarios. The basis for the supply of heating and cooling is the use of low temperature industrial heat loss from the neighbouring dairy NÖM AG through anergy grid, borehole storage and heat pump installations. The problem is worked on by nine project partners whereas the common development of communicative dynamic simulations tools is an important scientific challenge. In this context the ENFOS company is concerned with the economical system analysis. The results of the research project make a multidimensional evaluation of the concrete development scenarios possible and are the basis of decisionmaking for further steps. Furthermore numerous project results can be generalised for similar constellations. The final results of the SANBA project will presumably be available in spring 2021.

Downloads:

Project abstract
Article as part of the EnInnov2020 in Graz (Abstract)
Article as part of the EnInnov2020 in Graz (Extended version)
Presentation Article as part of the EnInnov2020 in Graz

Übersicht


2018: Implementation of a circular economy for photovoltaic

Due to the historical market development of photovoltaic systems in the EU-memberstates it can be foreseen that in the following decades a great amount of obsolete installations of various types will accumulate. The system components contain valuable materials as indium, silicon, silver, copper, glass and many others. Therefore in the Horizon 2020 project "CABRISS" 16 European industrial and research partners are developing processes for recapturing these valuable materials and are researching innovative processes for reprocessing the valuable materials in new photovoltaic systems. The research and development activities may be structured in the fields crystalline silicon technologies and thin-layer technologies. The results show the technical and economical feasibility of numerous subprocesses and of the total system and show potentials for the reduction of the cumulated energy input, the production-related greenhouse gas emissions and the energetic payback time of photovoltaics made of recycled materials.

Downloads:

Leaflet(en)
Poster(en)

Link to the project site: www.spire2030.eu/cabriss

Overview


2017: Decentralised geothermal low-temperature-heat grid in urban areas

Sustainable planning approaches for the use of shallow geothermal heat and cold potentials in urban areas currently move from individual installations to compound use as only by this means an area-wide development of the potential becomes possible and the conscious use of synergies of heat and cold use is possible. In the project DEGENT-NET a consortium under the direction of the Geological Survey of Austria is concerned with the simulation, optimisation and assessment of two case studies of urban anergy networks with mixed ways of utilization in Vienna and in Salzburg and analyses existing pilog and demonstration plants in Switzerland. Apart from the illustration of concrete planning concepts, the technical feasibility and the profitability the project results contain a catalogue with generalisable criteria for success for urban anergy networks.

Downloads:

Final report (de)

Overview


2016: Austrian technology-Roadmap for heat pumps

Heat pumps have become more and more important as technology for the use of renewable energies in energy efficient energy systems. There are various possible areas of application which reach from the provision of heat and cold in the building area to process heat and cold in the production area and to special applications in the commercial and public area. The power range reaches thereby from very small plants in the kW range up to great heat pumps in the MW range. In this project a research agenda and a market roadmap up to 2030 have been developed whereas the research activity has been accompanied by a stakeholder process. The results consist of a prioritized research agenda, scenarios for the market development of each sectors up to 2030 and a list of recommendations for the application of energy political instruments for the implementation of the national technology and market potential.

Downloads:

Final report (de)

Overview


2015: Empirical life cycle analysis of solar thermal and photovoltaic systems (RIOSOLAR)

As solar thermics and photovoltaics were brought onto the market in the 1970s they had partly unfavourable life cycle key figures. A long energetic payback time and high life cycle costs were in particular for photovoltaic systems a great diffusion constraint for a long time. Against this background researchers of the Technical University of Vienna and pupils of the HTL Wiener Neustadt in the research project RIOSOLAR were concerned with the historic development of the life cycle key figures and with the empiric analysis of 60 systems in operation in the wider area of Wiener Neustadt. During the survey there was a focus on the actual energetic payback time and the actual CO2 avoidance costs and technical as well as economical developmental areas up to 2030 were outlined.

Downloads:

RIOSOLAR Research report (de)
RIOSOLAR Specialist article about LCA solar thermic systems in the journal Renewable energies (de)

Overview


2013: Solar micro heat grid with seasonal geothermic thermal storage (GEOSOL)

Affordable seasonal thermal storage make a fully solar heat supply of residential buildings and industrial buildings possible. Already implemented pilot and demonstration installations in the area of water reservoirs and earth storages show the technical feasibility of these systems. The project team consisting of the Technical University of Vienna, the Geological Survey and the HTL Wiener Neustadt analysed in the project GEOSOL model systems of buildings, solar thermic installations and the thermal storage in the earth. Methodically model systems were reproduced with computer simulations and for the testing of practicability concrete case scenarios were analysed with the pupils of the HTL Wiener Neustadt. The project results show concrete qualification criteria for certain systems which have especially technical and structural parameters. The potential for application in the Austrian building stock is basically high whereas the implementation of pilot and demonstration installations as a validation of the used models is recommended beforehand.

Downloads:

GEOSOL Final report (de)
GEOSOL Presentation VÖBU symposium 17.01.2013 (de)
GEOSOL specialist article in the context of the conference Gleisdorf Solar 2012 (de)

Overview


2012: Potentials for growth and export of renewable energy systems (WEXRES)

Austrian companies in the fiels of technologies for the use of renewable energies are nationally as well as internationally successful and can point to numerous patents and technology leaderships. In the project WEXRES middle-term and long-term potentials for growth and export and the effects of employment and added value of these branches are analysed. The middle-term and long-term development potentials of the production are shown in scenarios for various markets. On the basis of the results recommendations for the research and technology development are derived, which address the decision makers in companies of trade and industry as well as the decision makers in research, environmentally and energy politically relevant authorities.

Downloads:

WEXRES Final report (de)

Overview


2011: Regional potentials of renewable energy in Austria (REGIO Energy)

With regard to the definition and implementation of a national energy strategy the regionalised technical potentials of renewable energy are an essential energy political planning guide. In the project REGIO Energy the potentials of renewable energy on a district level are therefor detected nationwide for all of Austria for the first time and they are illustrated with comprehensive potential cards. In comparison with the potentials which are not yet developed the already existing stock of installations is at least documented on the level of federal states. The analysis starts with the current circumstances of market diffusion and develops three differently ambitious future scenarios for 2012 and 2020.

Downloads:

REGIO Energy Final report full version, 88 MB (de)
REGIO Energy Final report without cards, 5 MB (de)

Link to project website: www.regioenergy.oir.at/

Overview


2010: Heating 2050

The development of future heat demand and the future heat supply of buildings is of major importance for achieving national goals in the areas of climate protection and renewable energy. For this reason in the project Heating 2050 the analysis of the long-term development of the Austrian buildings, their heat demand and the cover of the heat supply up to 2050 is made. Residential buildings and non-residential buildings of various categories are thereby considered. For this purpose the energy service areas space heating and heat for service water heating are examined. The developments are illustrated in scenarios and analysed. The results show that for a long-term minimisation of the energy consumption for space heating and service water heating a bundle of measures is necessary. The securing of a high renovation quality is one of the most important points. A very good heat insulation, the creation of low-temperature heat distribution systems and the exclusive use of technologies for the use of renewable energy have to be energy politically secured. Moreover the development of technological key components as thermal storage systems with high heat density have great importance among the upcoming system innovations.

Downloads:

Heizen 2050 Final report (de)

Overview


2010: Future of the use of nuclear energy

The discussion about the reduction of greenhouse gases and the reduction of the dependence of oil and gas imports has again increased the media presence of atomic power after years of disregard and silence after the catastrophe of Tschernobyl. The current survey presents against this background a facts-based illustration of the essential dimensions of the global use of atomic power whereas the historic development, the status quo as well as development questions of future technology diffusion are discussed. Controversially discussed aspects of the use of atomic power are illustrated structured and the problematic areas are worked out.

Downloads:

Future of the use of nuclear power Final report (de)
Future of the use of nuclear power Final report (en)

Overview


2009: Potential of Solar Thermal in Europe

For the first time in 2007 the European Council agreed on an "integrated climate and energy policy" including an "energy action plan" for the years 2007 to 2009. As a result the European commission set themselves the goal to increase the percentage of renewable energy in the energy mix unto 2020 by 20 % whereby a specific national target for each memberstate was agreed. As 49 % of the final energy demand of the European Union fall on the heat sector, renewable heat will have to make a major contribution to reach the goal. Therefore the potentials for solarthermal solar energy utilization in Europe are examined and documented in the present survey. Detailed analysis are made for Austria, Denmark, Germany, Poland and Spain. These countries represent 36 % of the entire population of the EU and enable a differentiated view according to climate zones, states of technology diffusion and according to various energy political framework conditions.

Downloads:

Potential of Solar Thermal in Europe Final report (en)

Overview


2009: Preparation of a biogas fuel cells demonstration plan (BIOVISION II)

Based on the findings of the predecessor project BIOVISION I a detailed planning of stationary MCFC fuel cell plants for a dairy factory and a brewery in Austria is made. The focus of the project lies in the technical and economical planning of the operational energy concepts using company-owned substantial resources for the biogas production and the transformation of the biogas to the necessary types of useful energy. At this the options of energy transformation through MCFC, conventional communal heating stations with gas engines and microgas turbines are compared. The project results make an evaluation of the different technical variants possible in regard to technical feasibility and profitability and quantify the demand of subsidies for the implementation of an Austrian demonstration plant.

Downloads:

BIOVISION II Final report (de)

Overview


2007: Energy centres on the basis of stationary fuel cells (BIOVISION I)

The decentralized use of renewable energy opens up additional potentials of sustainable available resources. An example for this is the conversion into electricity of biogas in conventional communal heating stations with combustion engines. The energy and exergy efficiency of this technical concept can be significantly increased through the use of stationary fuel cells. Multifunctional used fuel cells develop a very high overall efficiency and show an especially high efficiency for conversion into electricity. In the project BIOVISION I this circumstance is analysed on the basis of different model systems. Therefore user profiles for potential operators are defined, the necessary reforming and purification of the fuel cells is investigated and profitability analyses are made. The results are edited and documented in regard to a selection of potential pilot and demonstration plants.

Downloads:

BIOVISION I Final report (de)

Overview


2005: Development of a solar radiation operated Stirling machine

The Stirling machine was a heat engine invented by the Scottish pastor Robert Stirling registered for patent in 1816. Since then various civil and military uses have been found for the machine due to special operating properties as the vibration free operation or the suitability for different energy supplies whereas the heat is supplied practically exclusively on a high temperature level. To demonstrate the use of this classical heat engine in the area of renewable energy a solar powered lowtemperature Stirling machine has been developed and built for the Technical Museum of Vienna in the present project. The demonstration Stirling machine is exhibited in the public collection of the Technical Museum of Vienna. The necessary driving power is supplied by the stream of light of a spotlight. The operation of the machine is ensured from a difference in temperature of 40 Kelvin.

Downloads:

Demonstrations Stirling machine documentation (de)

Overview


2004: Measures for the minimization of rebound effects for renovation (MARESI)

The energetic renovation of buildings is seen as an effective measure for attaining national and international agreements on climate protection. For renovations the energetic cost-saving effect remains in practice below the expected pre-estimated results. This phenomenon is discussed since the 1980s whereas a comprehensive treatise or even a detailed quantitative analysis of these socalled "rebound effects" is missing. In the present research project two methodical approaches are implemented. On the one hand 12 case studies of representative renovation projects in Austria are made in order to examine qualitative aspects of the user behaviour and the impacts on the success of the renovation. On the other hand an analysis of horizontal micro data of approximately 500 Austrian households is made to quantify qualitatively observed effects.

Downloads:

Rebound effects Final report (de)

Overview


2001: Renewable energy sources and energy consumption behaviour

The use of renewable energy sources in private households is seen as an important approach in reaching the set energy and climate targets. How much the usage of technologies for the use of renewable energy sources affects the actual energy consumption, if the corresponding households have a typical energy consumption behaviour and if these households make a significantly more economical use of energy than conventional households has hardly been examined up to now. Therefor an empirical econometric analysis of detailed cross section data of 101 Austrian households with technologies for the use of renewables and 177 conventional households, single family houses in each case, is made in the present survey.

Downloads:

Renewables and consumer behaviour Final report (de)

Overview


2001: Favourable and limiting factors at the market introduction of innovative residential buildings

The market introduction and diffusion of innovative residential buildings is influenced by various limiting and favourable factors of a technical, legal, sociological, psychological, ecological and economical kind. In the present survey which focusses mainly on energetic and ecological aspects of sustainability, the empiric analysis of this problem is made on a qualitative and quantitative level starting from national and international experiences. Considering the problem as a whole the survey of limiting and favourable factors for the market introduction of innovative residential buildings is made on the level of the target groups users of buildings, planners, investors, technology producers and consulting or political authorities.

Downloads:

Market introduction innovative residential buildings Final report (de)

Overview


2001: User behaviour in innovative residential and office buildings

The focus of this survey are the analysis of the user behaviour in buildings with pilot and demonstration character as well as further aspects of building use as for example the satisfaction of users. The results of the survey are based on data of 40 households in 12 Austrian low-energy houses or passive houses. For the selection of the investigated buildings a great emphasis was put on a great diffusion of the regional spreading in the federal territory, the used technologies, the implemented master plan as well as the type of house or structure of owners.

Downloads:

User behaviour in passive houses Final report (de)

Overview


1998: Influencing parameters on the energy consumption of households

In order to develop successful energy political strategies a good knowledge of the influencing parameters on the energy consumption and their interactions is necessary. Therefore the present survey examines with an interdisciplinary approach the influencing parameters on the energy consumption of households. Comprehensive cross section data of 500 Austrian households form a basis which are analysed with econometric modelling. Economic, technical, structural, sociological parameters and parameters of behaviour for the energy service sectors space heating, water heating and household appliances and for the aggregated sectors of total energy and total power consumption are evaluated.

Downloads:

Influencing parameters on the energy consumption of households(de)

Overview